**2** . **f(x) to f(x ± a ) , when f(x) is given**

Where ‘a’ is positive constant.

**2.1 **f(x) transforms to f(x – a) **, **Where ‘a’ is positive constant.

Shift the graph of f(x) through** ‘a’ unit** towards right direction.

**Example 1.**

**To draw a graph y = | x | to y = |x ± 1 | **

** Draw graph of y = |x| —> |x – 1|**

**As discussed f(x) —> f(x – a) , **Where ‘a’ is positive constant.

Shift the graph of **y = |x|** through** ‘1’ unit** towards right direction.