**2** . **f(x) to f(x ± a ) , when f(x) is given**

**Where ‘a’ is positive constant.**

**2.1 f(x) transforms to f(x – a) , Where ‘a’ is positive constant.**

**Shift the graph of f(x) through ‘a’ unit towards right direction.**

**Example 1.**

**To draw a graph **

**y = | x | to y = |x ± 1 | **

** Draw graph of y = |x| —> |x – 1|**

**As discussed f(x) —> f(x – a) , Where ‘a’ is positive constant.**

**Shift the graph of y = |x| through ‘1’ unit towards right direction.**